GENERAL DESCRIPTION


Bu proje TUBITAK tarafinan desteklenmektedir

Floods, which are considered as one of the most significant hazards occurring naturally or due to human interference, maintain their impacts on most of the regions in the world as well as Turkey, despite all the knowledge owned about them. Especially in recent years, drought has strong influence over some of the regions in the world while the rest of the world were imposed upon the flood events that are more frequent and forceful, due to the climate change arising from global warming. However, it would not be a proper and adequate approach to assess the major floods only as an outcome of global warming. In principle, flood is a natural process and the reasons that change this natural event into a hazard in a way to cause life and property losses are generally human activities such as improper land uses and the change of land cover.
 
While the environmental changes such as climate change or land use change do not generate new flooding risks, they lead to changes in the frequency and density of the current risks or threats. In order to minimize flood damage, reliable estimates for the expected extreme flood events are required for the design and operation of critically important infrastructures such as flood defenses, bridges and culverts, and also for flood risk management and planning activities that include emergency planning, flood risk mapping, and flood insurance system which still has not been fully operational in Turkey. Flood frequency analysis used for this purpose is an effective way of estimating the flood magnitude for a selected risk, and also has an important role in most engineering works. For applying this technique, the assumptions of independence and stationarity should be provided. However, these conditions have considerably lost their validity because of the major environmental changes such as climate change and land use change.
 
Within the context of the presented project proposal, in order to perform flood frequency estimation studies on a scientific basis and with the consideration of the latest threats, statistical methods and modeling tools that are used for flood frequency estimation will be assessed and compared under different climatologic and geographic conditions and with different levels of data availability in Turkey. A scientific framework for assessing the ability of these methods to predict the impact of environmental change on future flood frequency characteristics will de developed and tested. The outcomes of the project, which are believed to be helpful for flood risk management in Turkey, will also yield social and economic benefits due to decreases in flood damages as a result of good management practices based on the sound flood estimates.
 
Such procedures are indeed crucial for the formulation of robust flood risk management strategies as required by the Directive of the European Parliament on the assessment and management of floods (Directive 2007/60/EC). The outputs from ARTEMIS* will be disseminated to the relevant academic communities, the professionals from private and public institutions involved in operational flood risk management, and the authorized policy-makers from national and international regulatory bodies.
 
*Her name in Rome was Diana. Artemis was often described as the daughter of Zeus and Leto. She was known as Phoebe, as well. She was the twin sister of Apollo. She was the Hellenic goddess of the wild nature, hunting and the Moon. She was the friend of  Ares and the most important one of Hellenic Goddesses (http://tr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artemis).



      Design & Development by : Yetkin Değirmenci